Jewish World Review June 6, 2006/ 10 Sivan, 5766

Nat Hentoff

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Darfur's continued killing and raping | You may have believed that a purported peace treaty signed on May 5 by Sudan's Khartoum government and a main rebel force in Darfur signaled, at last, the end of the genocide in Darfur, and the displacement of 2.4 million largely black Muslim survivors — alive for the time being. The facts on the killing fields, however, are that this treaty is a tragic illusion.

Two weeks after the signing, U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan wrote in the French daily, Le Figaro, that "there is not a second to lose ... the region is undergoing the worst humanitarian crisis gripping the planet."

On the same day, Jan Egeland, the U.N.'s relief coordinator, emphasized on the Sudan Tribune's Web site: "The next few weeks will be make or break. We can turn the corner toward reconciliation and reconstruction, or we see an even worse collapse of our efforts to provide protection and relief to millions of people."

Earlier, he had warned:

"The alternative to peace through this agreement is too horrendous for any of us to contemplate." But on May 18, the Sudan Tribune reported that Khartoum had "detained" two well-known Sudanese human-rights activists "... incommunicado, putting them at risk of torture. ... Detaining them sends a clear message to victims of rape and torture that no one in Darfur who attempts to stand up for the rights of the victims is safe."

Meanwhile, on May 15, the Khartoum-directed Janjaweed — relentless murderers and rapists — attacked two villages in the north of Darfur. As a New York Times headline the previous day all too accurately proclaimed: "Truce Is Talk, Agony Is Real in Darfur War."

That story told of how the Janjaweed again broke the so-called peace treaty, attacking the village of Menawashie. They "killed one woman, wounded six villagers and raped 15 women."

"They told us," said a villager, "you are slaves, we will finish you. We will not allow you to move from Menawashie, not one kilometer." Added another survivor, Aish Adam Moussa: "They always say peace is coming, but we are still waiting."

The core hole in the quickly unraveling peace treaty is the promise of Sudan President Omar Hassan al-Bashir to demobilize the Janjaweed fully, and with verification, by mid-October.

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Says Ismael Haron in the Gaga refugee camp in Chad: "We know Omar Hassan al-Bashir. We have seen him make agreements and then break them 10 minutes later."

And if the Janjaweed keep murdering and raping for months to come — and beyond October — who will stop them? After all, al-Bashir has, for three years, earnestly insisted he would disarm the Janjaweed.

As of this writing, the United Nations has agreed to send a U.N. force to bolster the greatly inadequate African Union monitors in Darfur, but it will take months to organize and provide for these U.N. peacekeepers. And in the village of Menawashie, the survivors will still be waiting.

Reporting for the past 10 years on Khartoum's horrific crimes against its own people in the South, and then in Darfur, I continually keep reading, and talking to, the most authoritative chronicler of these atrocities, Eric Reeves of Smith College in Massachusetts, who — as Nicholas Kristoff noted in the May 7 New York Times — has financed his ceaseless campaign to inform the world of this genocide "by taking a loan on his house."

As Kristoff adds, Reeves, while trying to save untold lives in Darfur, "has been fighting for his (own) life, struggling in a battle with leukemia." But I still can reach him on his Web site ( and sometimes on the phone. His analyses can also be read on And in the May 10 New Republic, Reeves wrote that the May 5 peace agreement "at face value amounts to an extraordinary gamble with the lives of more than 3.8 million human beings ... in Darfur and (in refugee camps) of eastern Chad ... In essence, the victims of genocide are being asked to trust that the perpetrators of genocide will disarm and restrain themselves."

If, Reeves insists, there is not "a meaningful international force" deployed to protect the survivors in Darfur, the international community will sigh too late and say, alas, that peace treaty was "a meaningless piece of paper."

My own view is that unless there is a willing coalition of nations going outside the United Nations and into Darfur to rescue those still waiting for deliverance, a message will be sent to other nations who destroy their own people. And president al-Bashir will become the patron saint of these future perpetrators of genocide.

George W. Bush, more than any other world leader, has done a lot, though not enough, to prevent the extermination of the black Muslims of Darfur. With that record, he can — despite all his other problems — gloriously enter history by moving to exterminate this genocide by helping to organize a coalition of willing nations while there is still time.

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Nat Hentoff is a nationally renowned authority on the First Amendment and the Bill of Rights and author of several books, including his current work, "The War on the Bill of Rights and the Gathering Resistance". Comment by clicking here.

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