Speaker Paul Ryan, the Republican Party's highest-ranking official, stunned the political world Thursday when he announced he does not now support his party's presumptive presidential nominee, Donald Trump, and might not ever do so.
"I hope to support our nominee," Ryan told CNN's Jake Tapper. "I'm just not ready to do that at this point. I'm not there right now."
The interview left one basic question unanswered: What does Ryan want? Put another way, what could Trump do to help Ryan get there?
The short answer is that Trump must unify the Republican Party. Ryan used the words "unify" or "unified" a total of 27 times in the interview; it's clearly a hugely important thing to him. But what, precisely, that means is not clear.
Gleaned from a long conversation with someone familiar with Ryan's thinking, this is how Ryan approaches the situation:
Ryan and Trump obviously have huge policy differences: on entitlements, trade, immigration, and much more. They're important; entitlement reform, in particular, is a goal to which Ryan has devoted much of his career in the House. But as important as they are, Ryan doesn't expect Trump to convert to Ryanism.
"I'm not saying he's got to support my policies," Ryan told Tapper. "You always have policy disagreements. Heck, Mitt Romney and I had policy disagreements. So that's just natural, and it's too much to ask someone to change their policy views that they were duly elected on, on some policy dispute."
Ryan suggested he's looking for something bigger from Trump. He referred to the GOP's "principles" 16 times: "I think conservatives want to know, does (Trump) share our values and our principles on limited government, the proper role of the executive, adherence to the Constitution," Ryan said.
I asked the person familiar with Ryan's thinking what that meant. If specific policy differences -- entitlements, trade, etc. -- are not violations of principle, then what was Ryan talking about?
"We're talking about identity politics -- that's what he was referencing," said the person familiar with Ryan's thinking. "Identity politics is what Paul was getting at. He spoke out against the Muslim ban, against allowing a culture of violence at some of these campaign events, against the Duke comments. He's just saying our party deserves a leader who is committed to unifying, not dividing, our party and our country. We've always said we would disagree on policy."
"It's time to go to from tapping anger to channeling that anger into solutions," Ryan said on CNN. "It's time to set aside bullying, to set aside belittlement and appeal to higher aspirations, appeal to what is good in us and to lead a country and a party to having a vast majority of Americans enthusiastic about choosing a path."
Concern over divisions along cultural or racial lines was also likely behind Ryan's assertion that the GOP is "the party of Lincoln, of Reagan, of Jack Kemp." Yes, Ryan's inclusion of Kemp, a man of far smaller stature than Lincoln and Reagan, had something to do with the fact that Kemp was Ryan's mentor. But Ryan also included Kemp, the famously self-styled "bleeding-heart conservative," to project an image of Republican inclusiveness, an ideal to which GOP leaders, including Trump, should aspire.
So in the end, it appears Ryan's message to Trump was: We don't have to agree on entitlements or trade, but you've got to tone it down on matters of race and culture if you want my support.
Ryan was as surprised as anyone else by the speed with which the Republican presidential contest came to an end Tuesday night. Ryan thought the battle between Trump and Ted Cruz would stretch all the way to the California primary on June 7 and perhaps to a contested Republican convention in July. So the speaker didn't have a plan for what to say when the race abruptly stopped. He didn't have a long time to think things through before the CNN interview.
Ryan's stand carries significant risk. With no competition, Trump is going to win more primaries, and pile up more votes, by the time of the convention. If Ryan changes course and supports Trump without some truly meaningful concession from the nominee, Ryan will look weak. If he opposes Trump the whole way, he'll anger a lot of people in his own party.
At the moment, Trump does not appear inclined to accommodate Ryan. Shortly after the CNN interview aired, Trump released a statement saying, "I am not ready to support Speaker Ryan's agenda. Perhaps in the future we can work together and come to an agreement about what is best for the American people. They have been treated so badly for so long that it is about time for politicians to put them first!"
In addition, in some cases, Trump has a majority of Republican voters on his side. For example, exit polls from GOP primaries have shown strong support for temporarily banning Muslims who are not U.S. citizens from entering the U.S. In Pennsylvania, 69 percent of GOP primary voters supported the proposal. In New York, 68 percent supported it. In Florida, the number was 64 percent. In Georgia, 68 percent. In Ohio, 65 percent. Michigan, 63 percent. Texas, 67 percent. And in Ryan's home state of Wisconsin, 69 percent supported it.
That's about 2/3 support among Republican primary voters across the country for a proposal Ryan called "not what this party stands for, and more importantly...not what this country stands for." If Ryan were to urge Trump to back down from the proposal, Trump's response might be: I won, and this guy is making demands?