In this issue

Jonathan Tobin: Defending the Right to a Jewish State

Heather Hale: Compliment your kids without giving them big heads

Megan Shauri: 10 ways you are ruining your own happiness

Carolyn Bigda: 8 Best Dividend Stocks for 2015

Kiplinger's Personal Finance editors: 7 Things You Didn't Know About Paying Off Student Loans

Samantha Olson: The Crucial Mistake 55% Of Parents Are Making At Their Baby's Bedtime

Densie Well, Ph.D., R.D. Open your eyes to yellow vegetables

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April 18, 2014

Rabbi Yonason Goldson: Clarifying one of the greatest philosophical conundrums in theology

Caroline B. Glick: The disappearance of US will

Megan Wallgren: 10 things I've learned from my teenagers

Lizette Borreli: Green Tea Boosts Brain Power, May Help Treat Dementia

John Ericson: Trying hard to be 'positive' but never succeeding? Blame Your Brain

The Kosher Gourmet by Julie Rothman Almondy, flourless torta del re (Italian king's cake), has royal roots, is simple to make, . . . but devour it because it's simply delicious

April 14, 2014

Rabbi Dr Naftali Brawer: Passover frees us from the tyranny of time

Greg Crosby: Passing Over Religion

Eric Schulzke: First degree: How America really recovered from a murder epidemic

Georgia Lee: When love is not enough: Teaching your kids about the realities of adult relationships

Cameron Huddleston: Freebies for Your Lawn and Garden

Gordon Pape: How you can tell if your financial adviser is setting you up for potential ruin

Dana Dovey: Up to 500,000 people die each year from hepatitis C-related liver disease. New Treatment Has Over 90% Success Rate

Justin Caba: Eating Watermelon Can Help Control High Blood Pressure

The Kosher Gourmet by Joshua E. London and Lou Marmon Don't dare pass over these Pesach picks for Manischewitz!

April 11, 2014

Rabbi Hillel Goldberg: Silence is much more than golden

Caroline B. Glick: Forgetting freedom at Passover

Susan Swann: How to value a child for who he is, not just what he does

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Financial Tasks You Should Tackle Right Now

Sandra Block and Lisa Gerstner: How to Profit From Your Passion

Susan Scutti: A Simple Blood Test Might Soon Diagnose Cancer

Chris Weller: Have A Slow Metabolism? Let Science Speed It Up For You

The Kosher Gourmet by Diane Rossen Worthington Whitefish Terrine: A French take on gefilte fish

April 9, 2014

Jonathan Tobin: Why Did Kerry Lie About Israeli Blame?

Samuel G. Freedman: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Jessica Ivins: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Kim Giles: Asking for help is not weakness

Kathy Kristof and Barbara Hoch Marcus: 7 Great Growth Israeli Stocks

Matthew Mientka: How Beans, Peas, And Chickpeas Cleanse Bad Cholesterol and Lowers Risk of Heart Disease

Sabrina Bachai: 5 At-Home Treatments For Headaches

The Kosher Gourmet by Daniel Neman Have yourself a matzo ball: The secrets bubby never told you and recipes she could have never imagined

April 8, 2014

Lori Nawyn: At Your Wit's End and Back: Finding Peace

Susan B. Garland and Rachel L. Sheedy: Strategies Married Couples Can Use to Boost Benefits

David Muhlbaum: Smart Tax Deductions Non-Itemizers Can Claim

Jill Weisenberger, M.S., R.D.N., C.D.E : Before You Lose Your Mental Edge

Dana Dovey: Coffee Drinkers Rejoice! Your Cup Of Joe Can Prevent Death From Liver Disease

Chris Weller: Electric 'Thinking Cap' Puts Your Brain Power Into High Gear

The Kosher Gourmet by Marlene Parrish A gift of hazelnuts keeps giving --- for a variety of nutty recipes: Entree, side, soup, dessert

April 4, 2014

Rabbi David Gutterman: The Word for Nothing Means Everything

Charles Krauthammer: Kerry's folly, Chapter 3

Amy Peterson: A life of love: How to build lasting relationships with your children

John Ericson: Older Women: Save Your Heart, Prevent Stroke Don't Drink Diet

John Ericson: Why 50 million Americans will still have spring allergies after taking meds

Cameron Huddleston: Best and Worst Buys of April 2014

Stacy Rapacon: Great Mutual Funds for Young Investors

Sarah Boesveld: Teacher keeps promise to mail thousands of former students letters written by their past selves

The Kosher Gourmet by Sharon Thompson Anyone can make a salad, you say. But can they make a great salad? (SECRETS, TESTED TECHNIQUES + 4 RECIPES, INCLUDING DRESSINGS)

April 2, 2014

Paul Greenberg: Death and joy in the spring

Dan Barry: Should South Carolina Jews be forced to maintain this chimney built by Germans serving the Nazis?

Mayra Bitsko: Save me! An alien took over my child's personality

Frank Clayton: Get happy: 20 scientifically proven happiness activities

Susan Scutti: It's Genetic! Obesity and the 'Carb Breakdown' Gene

Lecia Bushak: Why Hand Sanitizer May Actually Harm Your Health

Stacy Rapacon: Great Funds You Can Own for $500 or Less

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Ways to Save on Home Decor

The Kosher Gourmet by Steve Petusevsky Exploring ingredients as edible-stuffed containers (TWO RECIPES + TIPS & TECHINQUES)

Jewish World Review May 27, 2008 / 22 Iyar 5768

Fair fares

By Rabbi Dr. Asher Meir

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http://www.JewishWorldReview.com | Q: I recently got into a cab and the driver offered a flat price instead of the meter. I learned from bitter experience that when they do this, if you ask for the meter they go the long and slow way. Do I have to give in to this extortion?

A: There are two sides to this question — your side and the driver's side. Let's start with your side.

Given that cab rides are regulated with standard fares, and cab drivers are required to take customers by the shortest route, the cab driver's demand for a fixed fee above the standard rate is extortion. He is taking advantage of the fact that he has you "over a barrel" since he knows it is not worth the extra few dollars (or shekels) he is demanding for you to get out of the cab and hail another one (who in all likelihood will offer you the same deal). Jewish law takes a dim view of such extortion, and in many cases holds that when a person is taken advantage of in this way, he is required to pay only the going price. Here is an example:

"If someone is fleeing and found a ferry before him, and said to him, take a dinar [a very large sum] and ferry me across — [the ferryman] is entitled only to his [usual] price. [The passenger] can say, I was only kidding." (1)

In this case the ferryman customarily takes all customers for a fixed price; from his point of view there is no special reason to ask a higher price from this particular customer (who understandably is in unusual haste). If the customer asked for a special service, for example to row more quickly, then certainly the ferryman would be entitled to extra. But when the reason for the surcharge is solely that this particular customer is over a barrel, Jewish law doesn't sanction it.

Following this same logic, most taxi and limousine commissions have rules stating that taxi drivers are not allowed to charge extra for services that are not "extras", and if they do customers are required to pay only the regular price. (Sometimes they state that the customer is required to pay only what appears on the meter, but since the meter will be blank this would be a bit unfair.)

However, I also want to look at the taxi driver's point of view. We have to ask ourselves, why are tactics like this more prevalent in some times and places than in others?

In most areas the taxi fare is composed of three parts: a flat rate for getting a cab, a per-mile (or per-kilometer) charge, and a per-minute waiting charge. If these three charges are set fairly, and the number of cabs granted permits (medallions) is reasonable, then drivers will have no incentive to engage in this kind of trick. If the flat fee is high enough they would rather get you to your destination quickly and pick up someone else. But in some places the fee structure is poorly structured, encouraging mischief.

Sometimes the problem is even worse: permissible fares are just too low to allow cabbies to make an honest living. This is why the only cab drivers in some US cities are poor immigrants living on a few hundred dollars a week. In this case the ethical course of action for them is not to gouge customers but rather to lobby for a change in the rules or perhaps even go on strike. Still, it is possible to understand the cab driver's point of view.

The Talmud affirms that local authorities are entitled to regulate commerce: "And the townspeople are authorized to regulate weights and measures and wages, and to punish offenders". (2) However, this authority needs to be used in a responsible way that doesn't take unfair advantage of the regulated. Indeed, on the very next page of the Talmud we learn that this authority has to be subject to oversight to ensure that it is in the public interest.

So the simple answer to your question is, chances are local regulations allow you to passively consent to an unfair price and in the end pay only whatever the fair price is (you would have to estimate this). Even better would be to file a complaint, if you have the time and energy. This is the best course of action if you feel you are being taken advantage of.

However, if you have reason to believe that it is the cab driver who is being taken advantage of, by a fee structure that doesn't allow him to make an honest living, it may be that the best thing is just to give the driver a break and agree to the suggested price.

NOTE: The above analysis is predicated on the assumption that the flat price is meant to get a higher rate, not to evade taxes or charges. Even if you give in to the driver's threats, you should demand a receipt for the price you end up paying.

SOURCES: (1) Babylonian Talmud, Bava Kamma 116a (2) Babylonian Talmud, Bava Basra 8b


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JWR contributor Rabbi Dr. Asher Meir, formerly of the Council of Economic Advisers in the Reagan administration, is Research Director of the Business Ethics Center of Jerusalem, Jerusalem College of Technology. To comment or pose a question, please click here.


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