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Jonathan Tobin: Defending the Right to a Jewish State

Heather Hale: Compliment your kids without giving them big heads

Megan Shauri: 10 ways you are ruining your own happiness

Carolyn Bigda: 8 Best Dividend Stocks for 2015

Kiplinger's Personal Finance editors: 7 Things You Didn't Know About Paying Off Student Loans

Samantha Olson: The Crucial Mistake 55% Of Parents Are Making At Their Baby's Bedtime

Densie Well, Ph.D., R.D. Open your eyes to yellow vegetables

The Kosher Gourmet by Megan Gordon With its colorful cache of purples and oranges and reds, COLLARD GREEN SLAW is a marvelous mood booster --- not to mention just downright delish
April 18, 2014

Rabbi Yonason Goldson: Clarifying one of the greatest philosophical conundrums in theology

Caroline B. Glick: The disappearance of US will

Megan Wallgren: 10 things I've learned from my teenagers

Lizette Borreli: Green Tea Boosts Brain Power, May Help Treat Dementia

John Ericson: Trying hard to be 'positive' but never succeeding? Blame Your Brain

The Kosher Gourmet by Julie Rothman Almondy, flourless torta del re (Italian king's cake), has royal roots, is simple to make, . . . but devour it because it's simply delicious

April 14, 2014

Rabbi Dr Naftali Brawer: Passover frees us from the tyranny of time

Greg Crosby: Passing Over Religion

Eric Schulzke: First degree: How America really recovered from a murder epidemic

Georgia Lee: When love is not enough: Teaching your kids about the realities of adult relationships

Cameron Huddleston: Freebies for Your Lawn and Garden

Gordon Pape: How you can tell if your financial adviser is setting you up for potential ruin

Dana Dovey: Up to 500,000 people die each year from hepatitis C-related liver disease. New Treatment Has Over 90% Success Rate

Justin Caba: Eating Watermelon Can Help Control High Blood Pressure

The Kosher Gourmet by Joshua E. London and Lou Marmon Don't dare pass over these Pesach picks for Manischewitz!

April 11, 2014

Rabbi Hillel Goldberg: Silence is much more than golden

Caroline B. Glick: Forgetting freedom at Passover

Susan Swann: How to value a child for who he is, not just what he does

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Financial Tasks You Should Tackle Right Now

Sandra Block and Lisa Gerstner: How to Profit From Your Passion

Susan Scutti: A Simple Blood Test Might Soon Diagnose Cancer

Chris Weller: Have A Slow Metabolism? Let Science Speed It Up For You

The Kosher Gourmet by Diane Rossen Worthington Whitefish Terrine: A French take on gefilte fish

April 9, 2014

Jonathan Tobin: Why Did Kerry Lie About Israeli Blame?

Samuel G. Freedman: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Jessica Ivins: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Kim Giles: Asking for help is not weakness

Kathy Kristof and Barbara Hoch Marcus: 7 Great Growth Israeli Stocks

Matthew Mientka: How Beans, Peas, And Chickpeas Cleanse Bad Cholesterol and Lowers Risk of Heart Disease

Sabrina Bachai: 5 At-Home Treatments For Headaches

The Kosher Gourmet by Daniel Neman Have yourself a matzo ball: The secrets bubby never told you and recipes she could have never imagined

April 8, 2014

Lori Nawyn: At Your Wit's End and Back: Finding Peace

Susan B. Garland and Rachel L. Sheedy: Strategies Married Couples Can Use to Boost Benefits

David Muhlbaum: Smart Tax Deductions Non-Itemizers Can Claim

Jill Weisenberger, M.S., R.D.N., C.D.E : Before You Lose Your Mental Edge

Dana Dovey: Coffee Drinkers Rejoice! Your Cup Of Joe Can Prevent Death From Liver Disease

Chris Weller: Electric 'Thinking Cap' Puts Your Brain Power Into High Gear

The Kosher Gourmet by Marlene Parrish A gift of hazelnuts keeps giving --- for a variety of nutty recipes: Entree, side, soup, dessert

April 4, 2014

Rabbi David Gutterman: The Word for Nothing Means Everything

Charles Krauthammer: Kerry's folly, Chapter 3

Amy Peterson: A life of love: How to build lasting relationships with your children

John Ericson: Older Women: Save Your Heart, Prevent Stroke Don't Drink Diet

John Ericson: Why 50 million Americans will still have spring allergies after taking meds

Cameron Huddleston: Best and Worst Buys of April 2014

Stacy Rapacon: Great Mutual Funds for Young Investors

Sarah Boesveld: Teacher keeps promise to mail thousands of former students letters written by their past selves

The Kosher Gourmet by Sharon Thompson Anyone can make a salad, you say. But can they make a great salad? (SECRETS, TESTED TECHNIQUES + 4 RECIPES, INCLUDING DRESSINGS)

April 2, 2014

Paul Greenberg: Death and joy in the spring

Dan Barry: Should South Carolina Jews be forced to maintain this chimney built by Germans serving the Nazis?

Mayra Bitsko: Save me! An alien took over my child's personality

Frank Clayton: Get happy: 20 scientifically proven happiness activities

Susan Scutti: It's Genetic! Obesity and the 'Carb Breakdown' Gene

Lecia Bushak: Why Hand Sanitizer May Actually Harm Your Health

Stacy Rapacon: Great Funds You Can Own for $500 or Less

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Ways to Save on Home Decor

The Kosher Gourmet by Steve Petusevsky Exploring ingredients as edible-stuffed containers (TWO RECIPES + TIPS & TECHINQUES)

Jewish World Review

Multivitamins: Most likely myth, not magic

By Jessica Yadegaran




http://www.JewishWorldReview.com | (MCT) Like many Americans, Brandon Commiskey takes a daily multivitamin and mineral supplement. He's a healthy enough guy. At 26, he has no medical conditions, exercises and eats fairly well. Or tries to.

"I'm broke, so sometimes a 99 cent hamburger is lunch," says Commiskey, of Walnut Creek, Calif. "I wouldn't say the multivitamin is a full replacement for eating right. I see it more as maintenance."

It's difficult to discern what multivitamins do — if anything. Yet Americans continue to shell out $23.7 billion a year on supplements, even following the news this month that the high levels of vitamin D once thought to ward off chronic diseases and improve health problems may be unnecessary or harmful. While some experts believe certain populations may benefit from multivitamin use more than others, they all agree that a healthful diet and exercise serve you better than popping a pill.

The biggest evidence comes from the Women's Health Initiative, or WHI, a groundbreaking study published last year. It followed 162,000 women ages 50 to 74 who took multivitamins for eight years and found that the supplements did not reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases or any of the major cancers, including breast, lung, stomach, kidney, colorectal or ovarian.

"I wasn't surprised," says Marian Neuhouser, lead author and associate member in the Public Health Sciences Division at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle. "A lot of other dietary supplement studies have shown the same thing."

However, because this is the largest study of its kind — women came from 40 sites across the country — the results provide concrete evidence about the efficacy of multivitamins, she says. And, because the study focused on post-menopausal women, the results may not apply to men, Neuhouser adds.

But, the 2008 Physicians' Health Study II, a clinical trial of nearly 15,000 male doctors, revealed that taking vitamin C or E supplements did not lower the risk of cancer or cardiovascular disease. That same year, the Journal of the American Medical Association published a study of 35,000 men which stated that high doses of vitamin E and selenium, taken for an average of five and a half years, did not prevent prostate cancer.

According to Neuhouser, the WHI study focused on multivitamins because they are the most commonly used supplement. More than half of all Americans take them, and they tend to be white, active and have a college degree. They also tend to eat more produce and less fat than nonusers.

For those who don't eat their veggies, a multivitamin isn't going to do a darn thing. Sorry.

"It's a myth that if you have a poor diet and take a multivitamin, it will somehow make up for it," Neuhouser says. "Multivitamins don't contain all of the benefits of plant foods and whole grains. So if people have tight budgets, they're better off spending their money on produce."






Nora Norback, a registered dietitian with Kaiser Permanente, said she agrees. But she also believes that in our "overfed and undernourished" society, multivitamins may help with dietary gaps — and there are many.

"Many of us don't eat in a way that we're meeting our nutrient needs," says Norback, who works in Richmond, Calif. "A multivitamin and mineral supplement appears to bring us up to the levels with vitamin E, A, B6 and zinc."

Her research comes from the government's Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. "But if you're taking it thinking it will correct inadequate levels of calcium, magnesium, or potassium, think again, because it doesn't."

Norback estimates that about 40 percent of adults and children aren't meeting recommendations for calcium, magnesium and fiber. And then there are people who are most vulnerable to nutrient deficiencies: Adults 65 and older, vegans, vegetarians, the alcohol-dependent and those with food insecurity, meaning people who don't have enough money to consistently provide nutrient-rich foods for themselves, she explains.

"They might benefit from a multivitamin and mineral supplement," she says. Pregnant women benefit from prenatal multivitamins, particularly with adequate folic acid, which helps prevent birth defects, she says.

Bottom line? Multivitamins aren't harmful, but they also haven't been proven to prevent disease. So, do yourself a favor.

"Spend the cash on vitamins in their natural packaging," Norback says. "If you eat a balanced diet and exercise, multivitamins aren't going to do much for you anyway."

———

How much do I need?

Below are some basics found in multivitamins and minerals, along with their recommended daily allowances, according to the National Institutes of Health's Office of Dietary Supplements:

Vitamin C: Found in citrus fruits and broccoli.

Children 9-13 years: 45 mg

Adult men: 90 mg

Adult women: 75 mg

Vitamin A: Found in beef and carrots.

Children 9-13 years: 600 IU

Adult men: 900 IU

Adult women: 700 IU

Vitamin E: Found in safflower oil and nuts.

Children 9-13 years: 6 mg

Adults: 15 mg

Calcium: Found in kale and yogurt.

Children 9-13 years: 1300 mg

Adults: 1000 mg

Vitamin D: Found in salmon and milk.

Children 9-13 years:

Adults: 600 IU

Adults older than 70: 800 IU

— New RDAs for vitamin D and calcium from the Institute of Medicine.

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