On the eve of the brief caucus and primary season that will probably
determine the two major-party presidential nominations by mid-February
at the latest, most members of Congress are playing their cards close
to their vests. The reason is there's a lot to be lost in backing the
Of the few congressional endorsements in this campaign, none is as
interesting as the decision of Sen. Joseph Lieberman, the self-styled
Independent Democrat from Connecticut, to back Republican Sen. John
McCain of Arizona for president.
The move was just the latest twist in a remarkable journey from the
core of the Democrat base to the political no man's land in which
Lieberman currently finds himself. But the significance of this event
is not so much about the senator personally as much as it represents a
sea change in American party politics. Lieberman's flight from the fold
makes it official that the last of the Scoop Jackson Democrats have
really left the party.
Sen. Henry "Scoop" Jackson (1912-1983), the six-term U.S. senator from
Washington state, was the living symbol of a set of beliefs that were
once at the heart of the Democratic Party. He was a traditional liberal
on social issues and a devoted friend of the labor movement.
However, Jackson is best remembered for his foreign-policy stands.
Though unremarkable during his first decades in Congress, he remained a
determined Cold Warrior into the 1970s and 1980s, when many, if not
most, of his party colleagues had abandoned this point of view.
Among Jews and friends of Israel, Jackson's memory is also cherished
for his passionate advocacy of freedom for Soviet Jewry. The
Jackson-Vanik law linking freedom of emigration from the former
Soviet Union to trade was a landmark achievement for a movement that
eventually opened the gates of freedom and helped topple Communism's
A FALL FROM GRACE
But today, Jackson's combination of domestic liberalism with
foreign-policy hawkishness is as dead as the Dodo bird. Anyone seeking
to dispute this need only look to Lieberman and his fall from
Seven years ago, in one of the closest and most bitterly contested
elections in the history of the republic, Lieberman just missed out on
his historic chance to take the oath of office as the first Jewish vice
president of the United States when Florida's electoral votes went to
George W. Bush instead of Al Gore.
One can only wonder what Joe Lieberman would be doing today had a few
hundred befuddled elderly Jews in Palm Beach not been confused by the
infamous "butterfly" ballot, and voted for the Gore-Lieberman ticket
instead of the independent anti-Semite Pat Buchanan.
Would he be in Iowa and New Hampshire as the incumbent vice president
running for president with a better chance than he had in his abortive
2004 bid for the White House?
We'll never know the answer to that question, or what he and Gore would
have done differently from Bush-Cheney in the aftermath of Sept. 11,
2001, had they been the ones rushed to "secure locations."
Instead, Lieberman found himself drifting out of the Democratic
mainstream over his support for the war in Iraq. In 2006, the
Democratic icon was defeated for re-nomination by Connecticut Democrats;
they chose a political neophyte whose only credential was a pledge to
oppose the war.
Lieberman's primary defeat was but a temporary setback. Though spurned
by the party to which he'd devoted his entire adult life, the senator
ran as an independent in the November election and cruised to victory.
But the key to that comeback was that the Republicans had put up a
token candidate. Most GOP voters crossed over and voted for Lieberman,
as indeed many had done since his first Senate victory in 1988, when he
defeated the unpopularly liberal incumbent Republican Lowell Weicker.
Lieberman chose to caucus with his Democratic colleagues, many of whom
had endorsed his opponent, and became the crucial 51st vote that
returned them to the majority for the first time since 1994. But rather
than being able to use his leverage to exert some influence over the
party, he has found himself more isolated than ever.
As a result, Lieberman chose to endorse McCain the one figure in
either party who had consistently backed the war, even when it was most
unpopular. For a man who has always been as partisan a Democrat as any,
this was quite a step. But it signified Lieberman's belief that the war
on Islamist terror and the willingness of the United States to continue
fighting it in Iraq and, if necessary, elsewhere, was more important
than any party.
WHO WOULD FOLLOW?
While the endorsement is a positive development for McCain as he
attempts to resurrect his candidacy, the truth is that Lieberman brings
few votes with him. After all, if he could not get many Democrats or
independents to vote for him for president when he was the only
foreign-policy hawk in the field in 2004, how many would follow him now?
When asked about how Democrats have come to think about him, the genial
Lieberman said that they have come to view him as the party's
"eccentric uncle." But the comments from the leftist blogosphere were
far worse than that.
At places like Huffingtonpost.com and other sites where the MoveOn.org
crowd congregate, the comments range from the scatological to the
purely anti-Semitic. At such places, hard-core anti-Bush and anti-war
sentiments are the coin of the realm, and hostility to Israel and its
perceived influence on American foreign policy is rampant. The notion
of a Democratic Party that aggressively defends America's interests
abroad as vigorously as it fights for liberal causes at home is treated
as an absurdity in this quarter.
Even a bastion of Jewish liberalism, such as the editorial page of the
Forward, had to admit that the reaction to Lieberman was more "than the
familiar fringe bigotry that we're accustomed to tut-tutting and then
ignoring. This is something new and alarming."
Such "anti-Semitic conspiracy mongering" was, it said, indicative of "a
larger shift in the culture."
They are right, although I'd suggest that this shift, as significant as
it might be, has yet to penetrate the mainstream right in this country,
where support for a hawkish approach to the Middle East, and especially
for Israel, remains strong.
We should not jump to the conclusion as some Republicans would have
us do that this means that the Democratic Party is now the property
of the Jimmy Carters of the world though it's true that they are not
quite as insignificant as the Israel-haters (such as Buchanan) are in
the GOP. All of the major Democratic candidates back Israel and use
harsh rhetoric concerning Iran, though whether their words or those
of their Republican counterparts will be translated into policy is an
But Lieberman was the last of a particular kind of principled Democrat
still in captivity. American politics has changed, and the country is
worse off for it. Let there be no doubt about it: The Scoop Jackson
wing of the party is now officially dead.