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Jewish World Review
Dec. 26, 2005
/ 25 Kislev, 5766
When democracy isn't democratic
Not to curdle the Christmas pudding or anything, but it's hard to
see how Uncle Sam comes out a winner in any of the elections that
have just taken place, however historically, in the Arab world.
This isn't to contradict President Bush, who said, referring to
Iraq's parliamentary elections, we're seeing "something new:
constitutional democracy at the heart of the Middle East." Sure,
campaign posters and ballot boxes are new. But the emerging nature
of this constitutional democracy from Iraq to Egypt to the
Palestinian Authority (PA) calls into question whether, as
the president also said in referring to Iraq, "America has an ally
of growing strength in the fight against terror."
For that statement to be true, Arab voters would need to be electing
brave anti-jihadists, right? They would be dunking their fingers in
purple ink for reform-minded advocates of equality and freedom of
conscience, not to mention peace with Israel. But with nearly
two-thirds of the ballots counted in Iraq, the initial headlines
tell a different story.
"Parties Linked to Tehran Gain in Iraq," reported The New York Sun.
"Secular candidates not doing well," reported the Los Angeles Times.
Apparently, that's putting it mildly. So far, election returns
indicate that the Shi'ite Muslim religious coalition, the United
Iraqi Alliance (UIA), has overcome internal tensions and weak
projections to win a dominating bloc of parliamentary seats. That
means that the democratic enterprise in Iraq appears to have
empowered proponents of sharia law with alarmingly close ties to the
terror masters of Iran.
Little wonder, then, that something approaching jubilation is the
reaction in Tehran. "We share this victory with the Iraqi nation
because we paid a price for its preparation," said Ali Akbar Hashemi
Rafsanjani, the former president of Iran, making reference to the
Iran-Iraq War (1980-88). Usually described as Iran's "pragmatic
conservative" in the Western media (not necessarily saying much),
Mr. Rafsanjani continued: "It is a victory because the results were
the opposite of what the Americans were seeking."
If out of democratic Iraq emerges a sharia state allied with Iran,
Mr. Rafsanjani would be right. Which would make President Bush wrong
not about the need to fight in Iraq, but about the
transformative powers of the democratic process (emphasis on
process). In other words, what we see in Iraq and in the rest of the
Muslim world is that the political freedom to vote doesn't guarantee
election results that we in the West would in any way equate with
political freedom. Amid claims of Shi'ite election fraud, one
liberal party candidate, Mithal al-Alusi, told The New York Sun: "We
may have just traded the Ba'athist fascists for the religious
This isn't to say scrap the war, or give credence to hate-Bush
Democratic carping. But there is a deepening disconnect between
Western democracy theories and Muslim democracy realities that
urgently needs to be confronted and assessed.
And not just in Iraq. A similar story unfolded in Egypt where,
contrary to Washington's wishes and projections, November elections
also yielded results that were more democratic, but not more
liberal. As the San Francisco Chronicle reported, "Most liberal,
secular reformers lost their seats, while a banned Islamist party"
the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) "became the most important
opposition bloc in parliament.
The MB platform? "Islam is the
solution." As political analyst Hala Mustafa told the Chronicle, "It
was a complete defeat for the liberal political tendencies."
Then there's the Palestinian Authority. Election Day lies ahead
(January 25), but primary victories for Hamas already underscore the
inability of foreign-made democratic machinery to produce anything
akin to homegrown democratic candidates. Instead, we get People's
Choice terrorists convicted killer Marwan Barghouti, "mother
of martyrs" Miriam Farhat, and "Hitler" (aka Jamal Abu Al-Rub), a
real crowd-pleaser known for public execution-style slayings of
suspected Israeli "collaborators." And these are People's Choice
terrorists with attitude: When the European Union, rather
surprisingly, discussed ending aid to the PA if Hamas won
parliamentary seats next month, Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal
responded with Sons-of-Liberty-style rhetoric about the dangers of
"playing with the values of democracy and freedom."
All of which is why I beg to differ when the president says, "the
terrorists know that democracy is their enemy." From the PA, where
sharia-supporting terrorists are winning primaries, to Egypt, where
sharia-supporting terror-ideologues are being elected, to Iraq,
where sharia-supporting terror-state-allies are being elected,
democracy is not their enemy. It is vox populi. And just because the
people have spoken doesn't mean we should applaud what they say.
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