In this issue

Jonathan Tobin: Defending the Right to a Jewish State

Heather Hale: Compliment your kids without giving them big heads

Megan Shauri: 10 ways you are ruining your own happiness

Carolyn Bigda: 8 Best Dividend Stocks for 2015

Kiplinger's Personal Finance editors: 7 Things You Didn't Know About Paying Off Student Loans

Samantha Olson: The Crucial Mistake 55% Of Parents Are Making At Their Baby's Bedtime

Densie Well, Ph.D., R.D. Open your eyes to yellow vegetables

The Kosher Gourmet by Megan Gordon With its colorful cache of purples and oranges and reds, COLLARD GREEN SLAW is a marvelous mood booster --- not to mention just downright delish
April 18, 2014

Rabbi Yonason Goldson: Clarifying one of the greatest philosophical conundrums in theology

Caroline B. Glick: The disappearance of US will

Megan Wallgren: 10 things I've learned from my teenagers

Lizette Borreli: Green Tea Boosts Brain Power, May Help Treat Dementia

John Ericson: Trying hard to be 'positive' but never succeeding? Blame Your Brain

The Kosher Gourmet by Julie Rothman Almondy, flourless torta del re (Italian king's cake), has royal roots, is simple to make, . . . but devour it because it's simply delicious

April 14, 2014

Rabbi Dr Naftali Brawer: Passover frees us from the tyranny of time

Greg Crosby: Passing Over Religion

Eric Schulzke: First degree: How America really recovered from a murder epidemic

Georgia Lee: When love is not enough: Teaching your kids about the realities of adult relationships

Cameron Huddleston: Freebies for Your Lawn and Garden

Gordon Pape: How you can tell if your financial adviser is setting you up for potential ruin

Dana Dovey: Up to 500,000 people die each year from hepatitis C-related liver disease. New Treatment Has Over 90% Success Rate

Justin Caba: Eating Watermelon Can Help Control High Blood Pressure

The Kosher Gourmet by Joshua E. London and Lou Marmon Don't dare pass over these Pesach picks for Manischewitz!

April 11, 2014

Rabbi Hillel Goldberg: Silence is much more than golden

Caroline B. Glick: Forgetting freedom at Passover

Susan Swann: How to value a child for who he is, not just what he does

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Financial Tasks You Should Tackle Right Now

Sandra Block and Lisa Gerstner: How to Profit From Your Passion

Susan Scutti: A Simple Blood Test Might Soon Diagnose Cancer

Chris Weller: Have A Slow Metabolism? Let Science Speed It Up For You

The Kosher Gourmet by Diane Rossen Worthington Whitefish Terrine: A French take on gefilte fish

April 9, 2014

Jonathan Tobin: Why Did Kerry Lie About Israeli Blame?

Samuel G. Freedman: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Jessica Ivins: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Kim Giles: Asking for help is not weakness

Kathy Kristof and Barbara Hoch Marcus: 7 Great Growth Israeli Stocks

Matthew Mientka: How Beans, Peas, And Chickpeas Cleanse Bad Cholesterol and Lowers Risk of Heart Disease

Sabrina Bachai: 5 At-Home Treatments For Headaches

The Kosher Gourmet by Daniel Neman Have yourself a matzo ball: The secrets bubby never told you and recipes she could have never imagined

April 8, 2014

Lori Nawyn: At Your Wit's End and Back: Finding Peace

Susan B. Garland and Rachel L. Sheedy: Strategies Married Couples Can Use to Boost Benefits

David Muhlbaum: Smart Tax Deductions Non-Itemizers Can Claim

Jill Weisenberger, M.S., R.D.N., C.D.E : Before You Lose Your Mental Edge

Dana Dovey: Coffee Drinkers Rejoice! Your Cup Of Joe Can Prevent Death From Liver Disease

Chris Weller: Electric 'Thinking Cap' Puts Your Brain Power Into High Gear

The Kosher Gourmet by Marlene Parrish A gift of hazelnuts keeps giving --- for a variety of nutty recipes: Entree, side, soup, dessert

April 4, 2014

Rabbi David Gutterman: The Word for Nothing Means Everything

Charles Krauthammer: Kerry's folly, Chapter 3

Amy Peterson: A life of love: How to build lasting relationships with your children

John Ericson: Older Women: Save Your Heart, Prevent Stroke Don't Drink Diet

John Ericson: Why 50 million Americans will still have spring allergies after taking meds

Cameron Huddleston: Best and Worst Buys of April 2014

Stacy Rapacon: Great Mutual Funds for Young Investors

Sarah Boesveld: Teacher keeps promise to mail thousands of former students letters written by their past selves

The Kosher Gourmet by Sharon Thompson Anyone can make a salad, you say. But can they make a great salad? (SECRETS, TESTED TECHNIQUES + 4 RECIPES, INCLUDING DRESSINGS)

April 2, 2014

Paul Greenberg: Death and joy in the spring

Dan Barry: Should South Carolina Jews be forced to maintain this chimney built by Germans serving the Nazis?

Mayra Bitsko: Save me! An alien took over my child's personality

Frank Clayton: Get happy: 20 scientifically proven happiness activities

Susan Scutti: It's Genetic! Obesity and the 'Carb Breakdown' Gene

Lecia Bushak: Why Hand Sanitizer May Actually Harm Your Health

Stacy Rapacon: Great Funds You Can Own for $500 or Less

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Ways to Save on Home Decor

The Kosher Gourmet by Steve Petusevsky Exploring ingredients as edible-stuffed containers (TWO RECIPES + TIPS & TECHINQUES)

Jewish World Review

Religious schools, government money? Supreme Court hears Arizona case

By Warren Richey

Justices must decide if a Copper State program that gives tax credits for private school donations favors religion, or if participants in the program are just exercising personal choice

http://www.JewishWorldReview.com | (TCSM) A US Supreme Court case challenging Arizona's religious school funding program evolved into a debate over whether money from a tax credit is still the government's money even after it has been channeled by taxpayers into a private program.

It is not a minor point.

In oral argument on yesterday, Paul Bender, a Phoenix lawyer for taxpayers opposed to the Arizona program, said the tuition assistance plan is unconstitutional because it amounts to a distribution of government funds to subsidize religious education.

Arizona taxpayers may claim a $500 tax credit when they make a donation to help underwrite private school tuition — including tuition at religious schools.

Supporters of the program maintain that the donation and tax credit are the result of a private decision that does not entangle government in any direct support for religious schools.

Opponents say the Arizona system is designed to channel government tax credit money in a way that bolsters religious schools. They say it is unconstitutional government support for religion in violation of the First Amendment's establishment clause.

As in prior cases involving government and religion, the justices appear to be deeply split. The court's liberals generally are highly suspicious of interactions between government and religion, while the conservatives are less suspicious.

When Bender made his point about tax credit money being government money, several conservative justices challenged the assertion.

"That is a great leap," Justice Antonin Scalia said. "Any money the government doesn't take from me because it gives me a deduction is government money?"

Bender said there is a difference between a tax deduction which is made with the taxpayer's own money and a tax credit, which merely reduces the total amount already owed on a tax bill. "Here the taxpayer owes that money to the government," Bender said.

"The money in this case is not a charitable contribution," he added.

"This is a very important philosophical point here," Justice Samuel Alito said. "You think that all the money belongs to the government except to the extent that it deigns to allow private people to keep some of it?"

"No," Bender replied. He said if the tax credit is taken from money already due, any donation to the tuition program is a payment with government funds.

Justice Anthony Kennedy, a potential decisive vote in the case, said he had "some difficulty" with the idea that an individual spending money the government doesn't take as a tax is nonetheless still government money.

He said it would be like after accepting a 10 percent senior discount at a restaurant, hearing the cashier advise you to be careful how you spend her money.

At issue in the case is a private school tuition tax credit system set up in 1997 by the Arizona legislature. The system is designed to encourage parents and other Arizona residents to contribute to private school education in the state.

The program requires that donations be made to a School Tuition Organization (STO), which are private, non-profit groups set up to award scholarships from the donated funds. In 2009, there were 53 STOs. They received $51 million in donations.

Here's the controversial part: Roughly half of the STOs only award scholarships to religious schools. In addition, most of the donated money flows through STOs that award scholarships at religious schools.

The key question in the case is whether Arizona's program amounts to a government benefit program that favors religion, or whether it is a private choice program (set up by government) in which it is the private actors whose personal choices favor religion.

Justice Kennedy asked Paula Bickett, a lawyer for Arizona, whether all the government-imposed rules for STOs might not render their subsequent decisions the equivalent of government action in support of religion.

Justice Elena Kagan followed up with a similar query. How is it possible, she asked, that the STOs are able to use religious criteria to award scholarships, when it would be clearly unconstitutional for the state to do so?

"The state is not making those decisions," Bickett replied.

In 2002, the Supreme Court upheld a school voucher program in Cleveland that provided assistance directly to parents to place their children in the school of their choice. The high court said the fact that some parents would choose to use the government money for a religious school did not violate the establishment clause.

The decision that directed the money to a religious school was a private decision, not a government decision, the court said.

The same question arises in the Arizona case.

A federal judge upheld the Arizona tax credit program, but a panel of the Ninth US Circuit Court of Appeals reversed. The appeals court ruled that the Arizona program was not one of "true private choice."

US Solicitor General Neal Katyal urged the court to uphold the tax credit program. He said the Arizona taxpayers challenging the case lacked legal standing to bring their lawsuit. Their challenge is merely a policy dispute by Arizona residents who object to the state's program, he said. "Their complaint is that somebody else's money is not being spent enough."

The case before the high court was consolidated from two lawsuits. They are Arizona Christian School Tuition Organization v. Winn (09-987) and Garriott v. Winn (09-991).

A decision is expected by the end of the term in June.

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