Home
In this issue

Jonathan Tobin: Defending the Right to a Jewish State

Heather Hale: Compliment your kids without giving them big heads

Megan Shauri: 10 ways you are ruining your own happiness

Carolyn Bigda: 8 Best Dividend Stocks for 2015

Kiplinger's Personal Finance editors: 7 Things You Didn't Know About Paying Off Student Loans

Samantha Olson: The Crucial Mistake 55% Of Parents Are Making At Their Baby's Bedtime

Densie Well, Ph.D., R.D. Open your eyes to yellow vegetables

The Kosher Gourmet by Megan Gordon With its colorful cache of purples and oranges and reds, COLLARD GREEN SLAW is a marvelous mood booster --- not to mention just downright delish
April 18, 2014

Rabbi Yonason Goldson: Clarifying one of the greatest philosophical conundrums in theology

Caroline B. Glick: The disappearance of US will

Megan Wallgren: 10 things I've learned from my teenagers

Lizette Borreli: Green Tea Boosts Brain Power, May Help Treat Dementia

John Ericson: Trying hard to be 'positive' but never succeeding? Blame Your Brain

The Kosher Gourmet by Julie Rothman Almondy, flourless torta del re (Italian king's cake), has royal roots, is simple to make, . . . but devour it because it's simply delicious

April 14, 2014

Rabbi Dr Naftali Brawer: Passover frees us from the tyranny of time

Greg Crosby: Passing Over Religion

Eric Schulzke: First degree: How America really recovered from a murder epidemic

Georgia Lee: When love is not enough: Teaching your kids about the realities of adult relationships

Cameron Huddleston: Freebies for Your Lawn and Garden

Gordon Pape: How you can tell if your financial adviser is setting you up for potential ruin

Dana Dovey: Up to 500,000 people die each year from hepatitis C-related liver disease. New Treatment Has Over 90% Success Rate

Justin Caba: Eating Watermelon Can Help Control High Blood Pressure

The Kosher Gourmet by Joshua E. London and Lou Marmon Don't dare pass over these Pesach picks for Manischewitz!

April 11, 2014

Rabbi Hillel Goldberg: Silence is much more than golden

Caroline B. Glick: Forgetting freedom at Passover

Susan Swann: How to value a child for who he is, not just what he does

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Financial Tasks You Should Tackle Right Now

Sandra Block and Lisa Gerstner: How to Profit From Your Passion

Susan Scutti: A Simple Blood Test Might Soon Diagnose Cancer

Chris Weller: Have A Slow Metabolism? Let Science Speed It Up For You

The Kosher Gourmet by Diane Rossen Worthington Whitefish Terrine: A French take on gefilte fish

April 9, 2014

Jonathan Tobin: Why Did Kerry Lie About Israeli Blame?

Samuel G. Freedman: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Jessica Ivins: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Kim Giles: Asking for help is not weakness

Kathy Kristof and Barbara Hoch Marcus: 7 Great Growth Israeli Stocks

Matthew Mientka: How Beans, Peas, And Chickpeas Cleanse Bad Cholesterol and Lowers Risk of Heart Disease

Sabrina Bachai: 5 At-Home Treatments For Headaches

The Kosher Gourmet by Daniel Neman Have yourself a matzo ball: The secrets bubby never told you and recipes she could have never imagined

April 8, 2014

Lori Nawyn: At Your Wit's End and Back: Finding Peace

Susan B. Garland and Rachel L. Sheedy: Strategies Married Couples Can Use to Boost Benefits

David Muhlbaum: Smart Tax Deductions Non-Itemizers Can Claim

Jill Weisenberger, M.S., R.D.N., C.D.E : Before You Lose Your Mental Edge

Dana Dovey: Coffee Drinkers Rejoice! Your Cup Of Joe Can Prevent Death From Liver Disease

Chris Weller: Electric 'Thinking Cap' Puts Your Brain Power Into High Gear

The Kosher Gourmet by Marlene Parrish A gift of hazelnuts keeps giving --- for a variety of nutty recipes: Entree, side, soup, dessert

April 4, 2014

Rabbi David Gutterman: The Word for Nothing Means Everything

Charles Krauthammer: Kerry's folly, Chapter 3

Amy Peterson: A life of love: How to build lasting relationships with your children

John Ericson: Older Women: Save Your Heart, Prevent Stroke Don't Drink Diet

John Ericson: Why 50 million Americans will still have spring allergies after taking meds

Cameron Huddleston: Best and Worst Buys of April 2014

Stacy Rapacon: Great Mutual Funds for Young Investors

Sarah Boesveld: Teacher keeps promise to mail thousands of former students letters written by their past selves

The Kosher Gourmet by Sharon Thompson Anyone can make a salad, you say. But can they make a great salad? (SECRETS, TESTED TECHNIQUES + 4 RECIPES, INCLUDING DRESSINGS)

April 2, 2014

Paul Greenberg: Death and joy in the spring

Dan Barry: Should South Carolina Jews be forced to maintain this chimney built by Germans serving the Nazis?

Mayra Bitsko: Save me! An alien took over my child's personality

Frank Clayton: Get happy: 20 scientifically proven happiness activities

Susan Scutti: It's Genetic! Obesity and the 'Carb Breakdown' Gene

Lecia Bushak: Why Hand Sanitizer May Actually Harm Your Health

Stacy Rapacon: Great Funds You Can Own for $500 or Less

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Ways to Save on Home Decor

The Kosher Gourmet by Steve Petusevsky Exploring ingredients as edible-stuffed containers (TWO RECIPES + TIPS & TECHINQUES)

Jewish World Review April 11, 2011 / 7 Nissan, 5771

Prosecutors, witnesses recall Eichmann trial

By Hans Dahne and Ofira Koopmans


Scene from the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem





JewishWorldReview.com |

cERUSALEM — (MCT) Gabriel Bach remembers the first time he met Adolf Eichmann, the Nazi SS officer who oversaw the deportation and murder of Jews during the Second World War.

The then deputy state-attorney of Israel was in his office, reading the autobiography Rudolf Hoess, the former commandant of Auschwitz, the Nazi death camp in Poland.

Bach had just read a passage describing how frequently 1,000 children per day were murdered in the camp's gas chambers, and how at times Hoess said he got "weak knees," when pushing children who were begging for their lives inside.

Hoess wrote that he quickly felt shame for his weakness and had discussed this with Eichmann, who berated him that there was no logic in killing a whole generation of older Jews, but sparing the younger, who would only perpetuate the race.

"Ten minutes after I read that, I was told, 'Eichmann would like to talk to you,'" recounts Bach.

"When I heard his footsteps outside and he sat down in front of me, a meter away, it wasn't easy to keep a calm demeanor."

The prisoner had sought to discuss the appointment of his defense.

The SS lieutenant-colonel, in charge of deporting the Jews of west and central Europe, had sent millions to their deaths in Nazi extermination camps in the east.

Fifteen years after the Holocaust, he had been kidnapped in Argentina and spirited to the young state of Israel, to face justice for his central role in the extermination of 6 million Jews.

On April 11, 1961, the trial opened in Jerusalem.

Half a century later, about two dozen white- and gray-haired men are gathered at the same venue. The men, most now in their 80s, all took an active part in the event that would change Israeli society and expand Holocaust awareness.

Bach, sitting in an armchair on the spot where Eichmann had sat in a specially constructed glass booth during the trial, says he will never forget the first moment.

"When the judge entered the room, with the Israeli emblem behind him, and this man — whose only ambition had been the destruction of this people — stood up and straightened himself before a sovereign Israeli court, ... in that moment the meaning of the establishment of Israel became clear to me, more than ever before."

Getting Eichmann to that point had not been easy.

Ex-secret agent Avraham Shalom was on the seven-member Israeli team who staked out Eichmann in his Buenos Aires suburb. They were tipped off by Fritz Bauer, the chief prosecutor for the West German state of Hessen. He had been tipped off by a Jewish Dauchau survivor also living in Buenos Aires, and whose daughter had been friendly with Eichmann's eldest son.


FREE SUBSCRIPTION TO INFLUENTIAL NEWSLETTER

Every weekday JewishWorldReview.com publishes what many in the media and Washington consider "must-reading". HUNDREDS of columnists and cartoonists regularly appear. Sign up for the daily update. It's free. Just click here.


The Israeli team photographed the man who called himself Ricardo Clement and compared him to a 20-year-old photograph of the senior SS officer, looking for identifying features.

"The left ear is like a fingerprint," explains Shalom. "And we photographed the left ear. There, with a secret camera. And that was the luck."

"Every day, like a good German — 'order must be' goes the saying — he got home on the same bus, at the same hour, and made the same roundabout around his fence."

On May 11, 1960, they grabbed him, pushed him into a car and drove him to a "safe house." German prosecutor Bauer had supplied them with many other identifying data — hat, collar and shoe size, palm print.

But only after they asked his name they heaved a sigh of relief.

"At the end we asked him, 'and what is your name actually?' And he replied, 'Ricardo Clement,' and we: 'No, no, no, what is your name really?'

"He said: 'Adolf Eichmann.'

"That was the first time that I knew for sure we had the right man."

Building the case too had been tedious work. It took almost a year, of sifting through paperwork and selecting witnesses.

"It was the hardest time of my life," says Miki Resch, of the Unit 06 police team which led the investigation.

Again it was the "German order" which assisted. Almost everything Eichmann did was kept on record and signed by him.

"The biggest proof," says Resch, were the notes Eichmann took of the January 1942 Wannsee Conference in which top Nazis discussed the "final solution" to make Europe "judenfrei."

It took more than 110 witnesses, who testified over four months.

Avraham Aviel was the youngest. The only survivor of 1,500 people from his former Polish village, he was 14 when he ran off, watching from a ditch as he saw his family being shot into a mass grave.

What was on his mind when he took the stand?

"That I have to tell everything what happened," he recalls, "because in those times, in every family there was a prayer. Let one of us survive to tell what happened."

Eichmann was executed by hanging on May 31, 1962.

Sign up for the daily JWR update. It's free. Just click here.

Interested in a private Judaic studies instructor — for free? Let us know by clicking here.

The writers are reporters for Deutsche Presse-Agentur in Hamburg, Germany.

Comment by clicking here.

© 2011, Deutsche Presse-Agentur GmbH (Hamburg, Germany) Distributed by McClatchy-Tribune Information Services.