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Jonathan Tobin: Defending the Right to a Jewish State

Heather Hale: Compliment your kids without giving them big heads

Megan Shauri: 10 ways you are ruining your own happiness

Carolyn Bigda: 8 Best Dividend Stocks for 2015

Kiplinger's Personal Finance editors: 7 Things You Didn't Know About Paying Off Student Loans

Samantha Olson: The Crucial Mistake 55% Of Parents Are Making At Their Baby's Bedtime

Densie Well, Ph.D., R.D. Open your eyes to yellow vegetables

The Kosher Gourmet by Megan Gordon With its colorful cache of purples and oranges and reds, COLLARD GREEN SLAW is a marvelous mood booster --- not to mention just downright delish
April 18, 2014

Rabbi Yonason Goldson: Clarifying one of the greatest philosophical conundrums in theology

Caroline B. Glick: The disappearance of US will

Megan Wallgren: 10 things I've learned from my teenagers

Lizette Borreli: Green Tea Boosts Brain Power, May Help Treat Dementia

John Ericson: Trying hard to be 'positive' but never succeeding? Blame Your Brain

The Kosher Gourmet by Julie Rothman Almondy, flourless torta del re (Italian king's cake), has royal roots, is simple to make, . . . but devour it because it's simply delicious

April 14, 2014

Rabbi Dr Naftali Brawer: Passover frees us from the tyranny of time

Greg Crosby: Passing Over Religion

Eric Schulzke: First degree: How America really recovered from a murder epidemic

Georgia Lee: When love is not enough: Teaching your kids about the realities of adult relationships

Cameron Huddleston: Freebies for Your Lawn and Garden

Gordon Pape: How you can tell if your financial adviser is setting you up for potential ruin

Dana Dovey: Up to 500,000 people die each year from hepatitis C-related liver disease. New Treatment Has Over 90% Success Rate

Justin Caba: Eating Watermelon Can Help Control High Blood Pressure

The Kosher Gourmet by Joshua E. London and Lou Marmon Don't dare pass over these Pesach picks for Manischewitz!

April 11, 2014

Rabbi Hillel Goldberg: Silence is much more than golden

Caroline B. Glick: Forgetting freedom at Passover

Susan Swann: How to value a child for who he is, not just what he does

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Financial Tasks You Should Tackle Right Now

Sandra Block and Lisa Gerstner: How to Profit From Your Passion

Susan Scutti: A Simple Blood Test Might Soon Diagnose Cancer

Chris Weller: Have A Slow Metabolism? Let Science Speed It Up For You

The Kosher Gourmet by Diane Rossen Worthington Whitefish Terrine: A French take on gefilte fish

April 9, 2014

Jonathan Tobin: Why Did Kerry Lie About Israeli Blame?

Samuel G. Freedman: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Jessica Ivins: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Kim Giles: Asking for help is not weakness

Kathy Kristof and Barbara Hoch Marcus: 7 Great Growth Israeli Stocks

Matthew Mientka: How Beans, Peas, And Chickpeas Cleanse Bad Cholesterol and Lowers Risk of Heart Disease

Sabrina Bachai: 5 At-Home Treatments For Headaches

The Kosher Gourmet by Daniel Neman Have yourself a matzo ball: The secrets bubby never told you and recipes she could have never imagined

April 8, 2014

Lori Nawyn: At Your Wit's End and Back: Finding Peace

Susan B. Garland and Rachel L. Sheedy: Strategies Married Couples Can Use to Boost Benefits

David Muhlbaum: Smart Tax Deductions Non-Itemizers Can Claim

Jill Weisenberger, M.S., R.D.N., C.D.E : Before You Lose Your Mental Edge

Dana Dovey: Coffee Drinkers Rejoice! Your Cup Of Joe Can Prevent Death From Liver Disease

Chris Weller: Electric 'Thinking Cap' Puts Your Brain Power Into High Gear

The Kosher Gourmet by Marlene Parrish A gift of hazelnuts keeps giving --- for a variety of nutty recipes: Entree, side, soup, dessert

April 4, 2014

Rabbi David Gutterman: The Word for Nothing Means Everything

Charles Krauthammer: Kerry's folly, Chapter 3

Amy Peterson: A life of love: How to build lasting relationships with your children

John Ericson: Older Women: Save Your Heart, Prevent Stroke Don't Drink Diet

John Ericson: Why 50 million Americans will still have spring allergies after taking meds

Cameron Huddleston: Best and Worst Buys of April 2014

Stacy Rapacon: Great Mutual Funds for Young Investors

Sarah Boesveld: Teacher keeps promise to mail thousands of former students letters written by their past selves

The Kosher Gourmet by Sharon Thompson Anyone can make a salad, you say. But can they make a great salad? (SECRETS, TESTED TECHNIQUES + 4 RECIPES, INCLUDING DRESSINGS)

April 2, 2014

Paul Greenberg: Death and joy in the spring

Dan Barry: Should South Carolina Jews be forced to maintain this chimney built by Germans serving the Nazis?

Mayra Bitsko: Save me! An alien took over my child's personality

Frank Clayton: Get happy: 20 scientifically proven happiness activities

Susan Scutti: It's Genetic! Obesity and the 'Carb Breakdown' Gene

Lecia Bushak: Why Hand Sanitizer May Actually Harm Your Health

Stacy Rapacon: Great Funds You Can Own for $500 or Less

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Ways to Save on Home Decor

The Kosher Gourmet by Steve Petusevsky Exploring ingredients as edible-stuffed containers (TWO RECIPES + TIPS & TECHINQUES)

Jewish World Review March 21, 2011 / 15 Adar II, 5771

Now that U.S., allies have attacked Libya, what are the goals?

By Mark Seibel, Nancy A. Youssef and Roy Gutman






JewishWorldReview.com |

cONDON — (MCT) With U.S., British and French forces now fully engaged in attacking Moammar Gadhafi's military in Libya from the air and sea, and the chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff declaring that a no-fly zone is n effect, the question becomes: How does this end?

The United Nations Security Council resolution that authorized the attacks defines the goal as a cease-fire that stops Gadhafi from assaulting his people.

President Barack Obama on Thursday added to that by saying that Gadhafi "must stop his troops from advancing on Benghazi, pull them back from Ajdabiya, Misrata, and Zawiya" — three cities that had at one time been under rebel control — "and establish water, electricity and gas supplies to all areas."

And, Obama said, "Humanitarian assistance must be allowed to reach the people of Libya."

But whether such a cease-fire could leave Gadhafi in power remains an open question. Neither the U.N. nor Obama have said explicitly that Gadhafi must be removed from power, though Obama had previously called on Gadhafi to step down.

On Sunday, Michele Flournoy, U.S. defense undersecretary for policy, implied in an interview with the BBC that nothing short of a Gadhafi departure from power was acceptable. "He's lost his legitimacy," she said.

Still, Flournoy was unwilling to say explicitly that Gadhafi had to go in order for the U.S.-led campaign to end. "It's too early to speculate as to where this ends up," she said.

Adm. Mike Mullen, the chairman of the U.S. Joint Chief of Staff, was similarly reluctant to make any long-term predictions in an interview with ABC News.

Describing the military objective as "limited," he dodged a question about whether the no-fly zone over Libya might remain in place for as long as the U.S. enforced a similar zone over Iraq — 12 years. "Circumstances will drive where this goes," he said.

That troubles some military analysts, who worry that the West's urgent action over the weekend isn't backed by planning for what sort of Libya will be left behind when the aerial campaign stops.

It also troubles leading lawmakers on Capitol Hill.

"Before any further military commitments are made, the administration must do a better job of communicating to the American people and to Congress about our mission in Libya and how it will be achieved." House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, said Sunday.


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"I think we're seeing the opening shot of a fairly long campaign," said retired Royal Navy Rear Adm. Chris Parry, a former top planner for Britain's Defense Ministry. Calling the airstrikes against Libya as a "something-must-be-done strategy," Parry said he'd seen no "evidence of a long-term strategy."

The U.N. resolution "only takes us so far," he said. "Some thought has got to be given to what comes next."

Paul Pillar, a professor at Georgetown University in Washington who spent nearly three decades as a senior U.S. intelligence analyst, said that on its face, the U.N. resolution offers no formula for ending the West's military obligations. "If the mission is to protect Libyans, this is a mission that inherently has no end," he said, as long as Gadhafi remains in power.

That could certainly happen, Pillar said. "A central fact is the disunity of Libya, which is stitched together from three parts," he said. "It is plausible that (Gadhafi) would hold out in the west even if the eastern part of the country remains" in rebel hands.

The specter of an Iraq-like commitment that lasts years and leaves the West ultimately setting up a post-Gadhafi government hovers over the entire operation. Former British Army commander Michael Jackson unintentionally made that point during an interview with the BBC Sunday morning.

"The political goal has got to be a stable Iraq," Jackson said in response to a question about how the conflict might end. The interviewer immediately interrupted — "you mean Libya," she said.

"What did I say?" Jackson asked. Told he had said Iraq, the retired general — who led the British army when the Iraq war began — chuckled. "Forgive me, a Freudian slip."

Jackson said he had no inside knowledge of what is under consideration for Libya.

Jackson went on to outline a scenario that included a diplomatic arrangement in which Gadhafi remains in power.

But he also raised the prospect that the U.N.-sanctioned operation could move beyond the current aerial bombardment if airstrikes fail to topple Gadhafi or bring him to some acceptable accommodation with his armed opponents.

Noting that the U.N. resolution that authorized the attacks prohibits a foreign occupation, Jackson said that doesn't mean no ground troops. "'Occupation' is open to interpretation," he said. "Another interpretation you could make is that limited ground operations could take place."

Obama has said no U.S. troops would be used in such an action, but aerial campaigns have had little success in toppling authoritarian leaders. The no-fly zone set up in 1991 over Iraq crippled Saddam Hussein, but it took a U.S. invasion in 2003 to actually push him out.

Robert Gelbard, a former State Department official who was President Bill Clinton's special representative for the Balkans, said ground troops could be needed to topple Gadhafi. The no-fly zone, he said, "will be insufficient to change what the Libyan military is trying to do."

To date, the rebels — largely untrained civilians carrying weapons looted from military stores in the east or captured in battle — have been unable to hold territory they took in the days when they optimistically started a march toward Tripoli from their bastions in the east.

Their knowledge of the weapons systems they have is limited: On Saturday, the rebels apparently shot down one of their own planes over Benghazi.

While Benghazi was back under rebel control Sunday, Gadhafi's forces were besieging Misrata, a city in the west that has been under rebel control for nearly a month, and it was not clear, to outside analysts at least, that the Western aerial campaign could help.

Gadhafi apparently was not using aircraft in the assault and, with his forces inside the city, Western bombing could be risky.

"Gadhafi's forces are inside urban areas and that makes it difficult to conduct operations that don't hurt civilians," Jackson, the former British army chief, noted.

"It didn't seem the air force was responsible for an enormous amount of warfare," Gelbard said. "There was much more artillery and infantry."

There's another worry. Gadhafi vowed Sunday to open arms depots and provide weapons to a million sympathizers, suggesting the prospect for a long-term civil war. That's a real possibility that Western airstrikes could do little to prevent.

While the West often talks as if Gadhafi faces opposition from the whole Libyan population, that overstates the case. Mustafa Geriani, a spokesman for the National Libyan Council, the group that acts as a rebel national government, said Sunday that many of the pro-Gadhafi fighters rebels faced in Benghazi over the weekend are civilian loyalists who'd "popped up when the fighting started."

Geriani also said there'd been no coordination between the rebels and Western forces before Saturday's airstrikes, which began with 20 French aircraft attacking Gadhafi tanks outside Benghazi. Had there been, he said, rebel leaders wouldn't have fled to Tobruk so quickly. Most had returned to Benghazi on Sunday, he said.

As for the future, Geriani said rebel leaders, too, are wondering what comes next, now that the no-fly zone has been imposed.

"Now that Gadhafi cannot use his airplanes, our needs have changed," he said.

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© 2011, Los Angeles Times Distributed by McClatchy-Tribune Information Services.