In this issue

Jonathan Tobin: Defending the Right to a Jewish State

Heather Hale: Compliment your kids without giving them big heads

Megan Shauri: 10 ways you are ruining your own happiness

Carolyn Bigda: 8 Best Dividend Stocks for 2015

Kiplinger's Personal Finance editors: 7 Things You Didn't Know About Paying Off Student Loans

Samantha Olson: The Crucial Mistake 55% Of Parents Are Making At Their Baby's Bedtime

Densie Well, Ph.D., R.D. Open your eyes to yellow vegetables

The Kosher Gourmet by Megan Gordon With its colorful cache of purples and oranges and reds, COLLARD GREEN SLAW is a marvelous mood booster --- not to mention just downright delish
April 18, 2014

Rabbi Yonason Goldson: Clarifying one of the greatest philosophical conundrums in theology

Caroline B. Glick: The disappearance of US will

Megan Wallgren: 10 things I've learned from my teenagers

Lizette Borreli: Green Tea Boosts Brain Power, May Help Treat Dementia

John Ericson: Trying hard to be 'positive' but never succeeding? Blame Your Brain

The Kosher Gourmet by Julie Rothman Almondy, flourless torta del re (Italian king's cake), has royal roots, is simple to make, . . . but devour it because it's simply delicious

April 14, 2014

Rabbi Dr Naftali Brawer: Passover frees us from the tyranny of time

Greg Crosby: Passing Over Religion

Eric Schulzke: First degree: How America really recovered from a murder epidemic

Georgia Lee: When love is not enough: Teaching your kids about the realities of adult relationships

Cameron Huddleston: Freebies for Your Lawn and Garden

Gordon Pape: How you can tell if your financial adviser is setting you up for potential ruin

Dana Dovey: Up to 500,000 people die each year from hepatitis C-related liver disease. New Treatment Has Over 90% Success Rate

Justin Caba: Eating Watermelon Can Help Control High Blood Pressure

The Kosher Gourmet by Joshua E. London and Lou Marmon Don't dare pass over these Pesach picks for Manischewitz!

April 11, 2014

Rabbi Hillel Goldberg: Silence is much more than golden

Caroline B. Glick: Forgetting freedom at Passover

Susan Swann: How to value a child for who he is, not just what he does

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Financial Tasks You Should Tackle Right Now

Sandra Block and Lisa Gerstner: How to Profit From Your Passion

Susan Scutti: A Simple Blood Test Might Soon Diagnose Cancer

Chris Weller: Have A Slow Metabolism? Let Science Speed It Up For You

The Kosher Gourmet by Diane Rossen Worthington Whitefish Terrine: A French take on gefilte fish

April 9, 2014

Jonathan Tobin: Why Did Kerry Lie About Israeli Blame?

Samuel G. Freedman: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Jessica Ivins: A resolution 70 years later for a father's unsettling legacy of ashes from Dachau

Kim Giles: Asking for help is not weakness

Kathy Kristof and Barbara Hoch Marcus: 7 Great Growth Israeli Stocks

Matthew Mientka: How Beans, Peas, And Chickpeas Cleanse Bad Cholesterol and Lowers Risk of Heart Disease

Sabrina Bachai: 5 At-Home Treatments For Headaches

The Kosher Gourmet by Daniel Neman Have yourself a matzo ball: The secrets bubby never told you and recipes she could have never imagined

April 8, 2014

Lori Nawyn: At Your Wit's End and Back: Finding Peace

Susan B. Garland and Rachel L. Sheedy: Strategies Married Couples Can Use to Boost Benefits

David Muhlbaum: Smart Tax Deductions Non-Itemizers Can Claim

Jill Weisenberger, M.S., R.D.N., C.D.E : Before You Lose Your Mental Edge

Dana Dovey: Coffee Drinkers Rejoice! Your Cup Of Joe Can Prevent Death From Liver Disease

Chris Weller: Electric 'Thinking Cap' Puts Your Brain Power Into High Gear

The Kosher Gourmet by Marlene Parrish A gift of hazelnuts keeps giving --- for a variety of nutty recipes: Entree, side, soup, dessert

April 4, 2014

Rabbi David Gutterman: The Word for Nothing Means Everything

Charles Krauthammer: Kerry's folly, Chapter 3

Amy Peterson: A life of love: How to build lasting relationships with your children

John Ericson: Older Women: Save Your Heart, Prevent Stroke Don't Drink Diet

John Ericson: Why 50 million Americans will still have spring allergies after taking meds

Cameron Huddleston: Best and Worst Buys of April 2014

Stacy Rapacon: Great Mutual Funds for Young Investors

Sarah Boesveld: Teacher keeps promise to mail thousands of former students letters written by their past selves

The Kosher Gourmet by Sharon Thompson Anyone can make a salad, you say. But can they make a great salad? (SECRETS, TESTED TECHNIQUES + 4 RECIPES, INCLUDING DRESSINGS)

April 2, 2014

Paul Greenberg: Death and joy in the spring

Dan Barry: Should South Carolina Jews be forced to maintain this chimney built by Germans serving the Nazis?

Mayra Bitsko: Save me! An alien took over my child's personality

Frank Clayton: Get happy: 20 scientifically proven happiness activities

Susan Scutti: It's Genetic! Obesity and the 'Carb Breakdown' Gene

Lecia Bushak: Why Hand Sanitizer May Actually Harm Your Health

Stacy Rapacon: Great Funds You Can Own for $500 or Less

Cameron Huddleston: 7 Ways to Save on Home Decor

The Kosher Gourmet by Steve Petusevsky Exploring ingredients as edible-stuffed containers (TWO RECIPES + TIPS & TECHINQUES)

Jewish World Review

Tale of 'Bob': Does outsourcing new software pose cyber security risk?

By Mark Clayton

Many US companies hire foreigners to build new software for their computer networks --- a practice that may raise their risk of cyberattack, some experts warn. Even firms that do not outsource software development may find an occasional employee doing it on the sly, as in the case of 'Bob.'

JewishWorldReview.com | (TCSM) A software developer at a US company providing "critical infrastructure" — transportation, electricity, water, or the like — last year secretly outsourced his job writing computer programs to software engineers in China. Dubbed "Bob" by investigators — to keep his identity and that of the firm private — he even overnighted his electronic Secure ID token to China so the workers there could log into his company's network.

That left Bob, who paid the Chinese software engineers a fraction of what he earned to do his work, plenty of time to surf the Internet and watch cat videos. But it also left Bob's company vulnerable to having its computer network compromised, possibly in ways that interfered with company operations or jeopardized public safety, some cybersecurity experts say.

In this case, the Chinese workers to whom Bob outsourced his work have so far not been identified as cyber monkey-wrenchers, according to a blog by those who investigated Bob's exploits. But the episode serves as a warning to the thousands of US companies that opt to outsource their software development work to firms abroad, in an effort to cut costs, cybersecurity experts say. The practice, they warn, represents a big hole in the cybersecurity shield America needs to build to protect itself from cyberattack.


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"If an attacker is part of your organization as an outsource contractor — writing code, or building the chip — they are in effect insiders with all kinds of advantages that enable them to cause you and your customers all kinds of grief," says Seymour Goodman, a professor of international affairs and computing at the Georgia Institute of Technology.

The cybersecurity risk from outsourcing isn't new. Back in 2005, Dr. Goodman chaired the cybersecurity panel for the Association for Computing Machinery, which found that "offshoring [of software development] magnifies existing risks and creates new and often poorly understood or addressed threats to national security, business property and processes." But the threat continues to grow as companies outsource not just software for smart phone apps, but also software tools that run corporate websites, networks, and databases.

The "Bob" episode came to light during a review of his company's data logs, which revealed that an unknown intruder was connecting daily to the company's network from Shenyang, China, according to "risk team" investigators from Verizon, a provider of cybersecurity services, hired to look into the breach. Bob had received sterling performance reviews, but his Web browser history revealed that he spent a typical work day as follows:

9 a.m. — Arrive and surf Reddit for a couple of hours. Watch cat videos.

11:30 a.m. — Take lunch.

1 p.m. — Ebay time.

2-ish p.m Facebook updates — LinkedIn.

4:30 p.m. — End of day update e-mail to management.

5 p.m. — Go home.

"They're a US critical infrastructure company, and it was an unauthorized ... connection from CHINA," the investigators wrote with emphasis. "The implications were severe and could not be overstated."

While Bob outsourced his software work without his company's knowledge, many other suppliers of "critical infrastructure" offshore such work as a matter of course.

"We are aware of several critical infrastructure organizations that outsource development projects overseas," says Robert Huber, a principal investigator with Critical Intelligence in Idaho Falls, Idaho, a company specializing in security for critical infrastructure providers. "Without a thorough security review by someone in your organization, you have no idea of the issues that are being introduced to your networks that may expand your attack surface."

Malware inserted into software in the "software supply chain," as it is being written, can leave companies vulnerable to theft of their intellectual property, he says.

Software products that defense contractors supply to the Pentagon, for use in microelectronic and telecommunications, are also at risk. Most contractors have geographically dispersed supply chains that create "a vulnerability of potential insertions of malicious hardware or embedded software on the hardware components," the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission warned in a report last year to Congress.

Problems the report cited included a desktop computer purchased by the Army and made in China by Lenovo. The new computer was discovered to be "beaconing" (attempting all by itself to establish a connection) "to a suspicious foreign entity," the report noted, citing a US Army official who revealed the 2007 incident last February.

The software export business worldwide is booming, as companies around the globe look outside their own national confines to fulfill their software needs as cost-effectively as possible. Ireland, a leading exporter of computer software and services, saw its exports soar to $37 billion in 2010, up from $7 billion in 2000. India's software export sales nearly tripled in five years, hitting $45 billion in 2011. China's software export sales soared to $30 billion last year from $10 billion in 2007, the lion's share headed to the Japanese market, according to the UN Conference on Trade and Development's 2012 report on the global software industry.

American firms are major buyers of software development services from abroad, say researchers at Duke University, in Durham, N.C. Among US software companies, half of all development projects were headed to India and 13 percent to China, a 2008 Duke survey found. Nearly one-quarter of all US companies expected to outsource software development to China.

Against that baseline, US software outsourcing has only accelerated, suggest unpublished Duke data from last year. Helping drive the trend is the emergence of at least 120 eBay-like Internet platforms such as freelancer.com, where software developers worldwide can bid on software projects large and small, Duke researchers say.

"What's amazing to me is that roughly one-third of those bidding on such forums for software development projects are people in full-time jobs — and I'm sure the companies that employ them have no idea," says Arie Lewin of the Duke Center for International Business Education and Research, citing yet-to-be published survey results on software outsourcing by US companies.

Dr. Lewin's "Offshoring Research Network" 2008 survey showed that "data security" and "lack of intellectual property protection" in the software development cycle are among US software companies' top five concerns about outsourcing.

"We were quite amazed about the low maturity level of companies managing these software development projects," Lewin says. "Opportunities to penetrate them must be amazing. What you need to be able to do is have capabilities in place to manage and monitor these vendors. But in my opinion, top management doesn't give high priority to this."

One trend that alarms Goodman, Lewin, and other cybersecurity experts is that US companies are not adequately inspecting outsourced software for security flaws. Among software-outsourcing companies, the share that also farmed out their quality-control and security testing jumped from 72 percent to 87 percent in a year, a 2012 InformationWeek survey found.

A company that does not do its own security testing is like letting the fox guard the hen house, says Richard Hoffman, a software developer who helped conduct the InformationWeek survey.

"It's understandable that companies are seeking cost savings," he says. "But these companies writing the software are also often inspecting and testing security, too. In many cases, the same people charged with keeping costs down are also supposed to catch security holes."

Still, not everyone in the cybersecurity realm is ready to hit the panic button over software outsourcing. While the practice carries a risk, the threat may have waned at bit, says James Lewis, a cybersecurity expert for the Center for Strategic and International Studies, who wrote a 2007 study on software outsourcing. That's because cyberattackers have cheaper ways to penetrate a company's or agency's computer network, he says.

"Hacking in from the outside is so easy now that in most cases it's probably just not cost effective [for cyberspies or cybercriminals] to insert malware when the software is written," Dr. Lewis says. "Still, this isn't a hypothetical problem. ...As the US begins to get its act together on cybersecurity, you'll see the cost and benefits of hacking change. Then those attackers might look to more costly approaches."

As for "Bob," described as a "family man, inoffensive and quiet," the digital trail eventually revealed that he was freelancing for other US companies — and shipping those software code-writing assignments to China, too, according to the Verizon investigation team's blog. While "Bob" was paid hundreds of thousands of dollars a year from his company and for freelance work, the Chinese firm got perhaps $50,000, investigators estimated in their blog.

Bob's fate is not publicly known. Some people who left comments on the investigators' blog declared him unethical for secretly farming out the work and breaching company security. Others complimented him.

"Sooo… where's the problem?" reads one comment. "He improved his personal profit and the quality and efficiency of his work, obviously. And all that by using standard business practices — get money to do the job, then pay someone else less to actually do it. This guy is an American hero and deserves a medal."

Others declared the Verizon blog post to be a hoax. After all, wasn't there also a report in The Onion, the satirical online news website, headlined "More American Workers Outsourcing Own Jobs Overseas"? Yes, there was.

Responding to doubters, Verizon's team followed up its original blog post with another one declaring that "the case is factual and was worked by one of our investigators."

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